PONZI SCHEMES and OTHER STOCKS & COMMODITIES INVESTMENTS
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MORE THAN 15,000 EUROPEANS
DEFRAUDED BY GERMAN JEHOVAH'S WITNESS LEADERS
GERMANY v. ULRICH CHMIEL, GERMANY v. ALEXANDER CHMIEL, GERMANY v. CHRISTIAN CHMIEL, GERMANY v. OLIVER BRAUN, GERMANY v. JOHN DOE, and GERMANY v. JANE DOE. (Nearly all of the still existing webpages containing information about these old criminal prosecutions are published in the German language, thus the following best-effort summary likely contains unintentional inaccuracies. Readers should do their own research and translation of the original German language media reports.)
Ulrich Chmiel was the founder and Chairman of the Board of the now bankrupt AKZENTA AK, which was a German investment firm founded in 2002. Ulrich Chmiel purportedly was a prominent German Jehovah's Witness Elder, as were his two sons who worked with him in the business, and as was Oliver Braun, and as were many of the other employees and clients of the firm. AKZENTA AK reportedly had approximately 35,000 clients in Germany alone, plus more in Italy, Austria, and the Middle East, whom invested HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS with the firm.
AKZENTA AK was also the 49% owner of a travel agency located in Rosenheim, called PROSKE-REISEN. Until this scandal erupted, German Jehovah's Witnesses knew PROSKE-REISEN as the travel agency which the WatchTower Society required them to use for all travel to WatchTower Society conventions and other functions.
AKZENTA DUBAI was a Middle East subsidiary which attracted money from investors for never-constructed real estate projects, one of which was the underwater hotel project known as HYDROPOLIS.
In May 2006, investigators with both state and federal law enforcement agencies raided 25 offices around Germany. Financial records were seized, and the firm's bank accounts were frozen. Lavish and ostentatious assets totaling nearly $700,000,000.00 were seized all over Europe. The four listed defendants and others were arrested. In August 2008, reportedly, Ulrich Chmiel and his two sons were convicted on PONZI-SCHEME type fraud charges. Reportedly, Ulrich Chmiel and Oliver Braun were each sentenced to 81 months in prison. Alexander Chmiel, age 31, reportedly was sentenced to 60 months in prison, but all or part that term may have been suspended. Christian Chmiel, age 27, reportedly was sentenced to two years in prison, but he too may have received only probation. Reportedly, even after the above convictions, three employees, including a female, who continued to operate AKZENTA AK, and who continued to defraud clients were arrested and prosecuted in 2008-09.
By 2011, 15,000 clients had filed claims against the in-bankruptcy firm -- totaling nearly $150,000,000.00.
One can only wonder how many MILLIONS of dollars the schemers donated to the WatchTower Society in order to establish and maintain their "credibility" with victims and potential victims. Those donated MILLIONS should have been the target of any "claw back" actions every bit as much as the money paid back to early investors to establish and maintain the credibility of the Ponzi scheme. Both payouts served the same Ponzi scheme function.
MORE THAN 2500 EUROPEANS
DEFRAUDED BY SPANISH JEHOVAH'S WITNESS LEADERS
UNITED STATES v. MATTHEW BRIAN PIZZOLATO; COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION v. MATTHEW BRIAN PIZZOLATO, WILLIAM CHARLES GUIDRY, and CAPITAL FUNDING CONSULTANTS LLC.; NUNEZ, ET AL v. SHEREL J. PIZZOLATO, MATTHEW BRIAN PIZZOLATO, ET AL; GUILLORY v. SHEREL J. PIZZOLATO, MATTHEW BRIAN PIZZOLATO, ET AL; DESELLES v. SHEREL J. PIZZOLATO, MATTHEW BRIAN PIZZOLATO, ET AL; and other yet to be identified civil and criminal court cases.
Sherel Joseph Pizzolato, father, and Matthew Brian Pizzolato, son, age 26, of Tickfaw, Louisiana, are reputed to be members of an extended multi-generation family of JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES living in Louisiana. Sara [Crouch] Pizzolato, originally from Oregon and West Virginia, is wife of Sherel "Sonny" Pizzolato and mother of Matthew Pizzolato.
On November 20, 2009, Matthew B. Pizzolato, age 26, was arrested for allegedly running a $19.5 million Ponzi scheme. A federal grand jury in New Orleans returned a 64-count indictment against Matt Pizzolato for allegedly stealing investments from 160 elderly clients from the New Orleans and Baton Rouge areas. The indictment included 52 counts of mail fraud, two counts of wire fraud, seven counts of money laundering, one count of securities fraud, and one count each of witness tampering and obstruction of justice.
The 26 year-old Pizzolato was allegedly the head of 20 different companies in Baton Rouge, Covington, Hammond, and Lake Charles. Young Pizzolato allegedly had preyed on elderly clients since at least 2005 -- promising them steep returns on investments in certificates of deposit, U.S. Treasury bills, and other guaranteed and insured investments. Instead, Matt Pizzolato allegedly used his clients' money to bankroll a luxurious lifestyle -- purchasing or leasing a BMW, Mercedes Benz, Range Rover and Corvette. Matt Pizzolato also built a $600,000.00+ home in Ponchatoula, and allegedly bought a $35,000 engagement ring for his fiance. Pizzolato family members and their friends also allegedly benefited -- allegedly receiving millions of dollars in payments.
Of the $19.5 million he collected, Matthew Pizzolato distributed about $2.8 million back to his clients in the form of "lulling payments, " or supposed returns on their investments, in order to quell any suspicions that he was a fraud. Federal authorities learned of Pizzolato's business activities after receiving a tip from the Louisiana Office of Financial Institutions (LOFI), which oversees state-chartered banks and financial firms. LOFI issued a cease-and-desist order against Sherel J. Pizzolato, Matthew B. Pizzolato, and OTHERS in January of 2008, ordering them to stop selling securities through Gulf Region Guaranty Inc., Gulf States Guaranty LLC, Allegiance Financial LLC, and Cornerstone Wealth Management LLC. Other business entities alleged to be affiliated with Pizzolato include:
Acadian Guaranty Group, LLC; Annuity Presets, LLC; Annuity Recovery Services, LLC; Anova Marketing Systems, LLC; Anova Marketing Systems, LLC; Anytime Fitness of Sulphur, LLC; Global Assured Financial, Inc.; Green Pelican Group, Inc.; Gulf South Guaranty, Inc.; GRG Holdings, LLC; GRG I, LLC; GRG II, LLC; Matt P, LLC; National Insurance Advisors, LLC; Pelican Guaranty Group, Inc.; and Spectrum Lending Group, LLC.
In addition to the federal criminal court cases, four civil court cases, including one class-action lawsuit, were filed earlier in 2009 by investors seeking return of their investments. The defendants in the ongoing class-action lawsuit include alleged "principals" of the various business entities named above:
Matthew B. Pizzolato, Sherel J. Pizzolato Jr., and David Compton -- all of Tickfaw; Jeremy Jallans, of Laplace; Shana Morgan, of Denham Springs; Perry Dixon, of St. Amant; William Guidry and Sharon Dixon, both of Lacombe; Jeremy Rowe, of Gonzales; Jeremy Galaviz and Heath Huguet, both of Covington; and John Compton, of Ponchatoula.
In July 2010, then 26 year-old Matthew Brian Pizzolato "took the fall", and pleaded guilty to 21 federal counts, including mail fraud, wire fraud, money laundering, securities fraud, and witness tampering involving his operation of what federal prosecutors said was the "Largest Ponzi Scheme in Louisiana's History". Matthew Pizzolato was sentenced to the statutory maximum of 30 years in federal prison, and was ordered to pay over $15,000,000.00 in restitution to the 165 victims he defrauded. Subsequent appeals to the USCA and even SCOTUS have failed or been denied.
Although he had only a GED and an eighth-grade education, Matthew Pizzolato told clients that he was one of the top 10 financial planners in the country; possessed special training in investing; was a certified estate planner; and had graduated from law school.
Status of other civil and criminal cases against other family members and business associates is unknown.
UNITED STATES v. KENNETH GEORGE NEELY was a 2009-10 Missouri federal criminal court prosecution. In February 2010, a St. Louis, Missouri area JEHOVAH'S WITNESS STOCKBROKER, named Kenneth George Neely, age 56, was leniently permitted to plead guilty to a single charge of "mail fraud", and was sentenced to a mere 37 months in federal prison. Sweet deal considering that Kenneth Neely and his JW Family lived like "royalty" off the ill-gotten, tax-free money for nearly a decade. Ken Neely's employers even were more heavily penalized by state fines and penalties, plus being ordered to pay restitution to Neely's victims.
Investigations by the Missouri Secretary of State - Securities Division, the F.B.I., U.S.P.S. Postal Inspection Service, and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, all concluded that Kenneth G. Neely had been operating a classic "Ponzi Scheme" for several years. Neely worked for a number of prominent investment/ brokerage firms from 1987 until July 2009, when Neely, was permanently banned from the industry by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. Neely reportedly voluntarily consented to FINRA's ban. FINRA reported that Neely started operating a Ponzi Scheme back in 2001 while Neely was employed at UBS PaineWebber Inc. Neely was thereafter employed by Stifel, Nichaus & Co., Inc. from 2002 until 2007, and finally AXA Advisors LLC, who fired Neely when he reportedly confessed to FINRA, in 2009.
Around 2001, to support his "lavish personal lifestyle" -- including expensive Country Club dues and personal entertainment expenses sometimes exceeding $4,000.00 per month -- Neely reportedly "invented" the "St. Louis Investment Club" and the "St. Charles Real Estate Investment Trust". Neely portrayed membership in the investment club as "exclusive" to his relatives, to eight other Jehovah's Witnesses, and a dozen or so others. (Interestingly, an online posting alleges that Ken Neely was one of most prominent Jehovah's Witnesses in the greater Saint Louis area before his fall. That poster alleges that Neely associated with SL's WatchTower Elite, and even once hosted a "50th - Golden Anniversary Party" for St. Louis's Assembly Hall Overseer at Neely's exclusive Country Club.)
Kenneth Neely took approximately $618,000.00 from 25 or more victims in Missouri, California, Florida and Maryland.. Using the Ponzi Scheme method of paying back some money to earlier investors using money from recent investors, Neely gradually returned about half of the money to some of his earlier investors. To conceal the scheme from the various employers and federal and state authorities, and avoid bank transaction reporting requirements, Neely reportedly instructed investors to make multiple payments to his wife, Jackie Nelly, in small increments of $2,000.00 to $3,000.00. Neely’s mother’s home address was the address of the St. Louis Investment Club. Only Neely himself was ever prosecuted.
Media reports indicate that UBS PaineWebber Inc. paid out more than $120,000.00 to settle four arbitration cases brought by Neely's investors. Stifel, Nichaus & Co., Inc. reportedly settled a lawsuit filed against it by the Missouri Commissioner of Securities for failing to properly supervise Neely by agreeing to pay a total of $1,100,000.00, including restitution to Neely's investors. AXA was fined $100,000.00 for failing to heed numerous red flags shouting Neely's dishonesty.
UNITED STATES v. ROBERT L. KNOWLES. In October 2002, a prominent millionaire Jehovah's Witness Elder, with ties throughout both his home state of Florida and the entire United States, named Robert L. Knowles, was convicted and sentenced to 57 months in federal prison, and three year probation, on 24 counts of mail, wire, and securities fraud. The victims of All Diversified Financial Services, Inc. were more than 50 of Knowles' own fellow Jehovah's Witnesses -- most of whom were elderly, widowed, or disabled. In 2003, a federal judge ordered Knowles to repay nearly $4,800,000.00 to his 50 victims. It is unknown how much money actually remained by that time.
Robert Knowles was a prominent Jehovah's Witness Elder, who had regularly delivered speeches at WatchTower Conventions over the years. Knowles reportedly had also served as a "missionary" in Africa. It is unclear whether Knowles was a graduate of the WatchTower Bible School of Gilead missionary school, which would make him an "official" WatchTower missionary, or whether Knowles was an "unofficial" missionary, or what is known as a "NeedGreater" within the Jehovah's Witness community.
A Jehovah's Witness Widow, named Elizabeth Morgan, of Fort Lauderdale, lost her deceased husband's life insurance and "medical malpractice lawsuit settlement", amounting to approximately $764,000.00. Morgan wound up having to sell her home and file bankruptcy. Rose McTygue, an elderly JW from New York, lost $85,000.00 that she had inherited. Rose McTygue's sister, Ann Marie Cozzubbo, of Florida, also lost the $85,000.00 that she had inherited. Vincent Romano, an elderly JW from Florida, lost $600,000.00. However, Romano related that even one of his own sons had sided with Robert Knowles, which is somewhat typical of JW operated scams. William Howison and Jeanette Howison lost $55,000.00 of the husband's $70,000.00 "heat stroke" Worker's Compensation settlement. Howison told a reporter that, "... the real judgment comes from God. And that comes soon."
UNITED STATES v. STEVEN C. ROBERTS was a 1998-2000 Texas criminal court case which involved a fraudulent investment scheme that eventually led to Roberts pleading guilty to seven counts of mail fraud. Roberts was sentenced to 27 months imprisonment, and ordered to make restitution of $3,373,000.00. Steven Roberts was not a Jehovah's Witness. However, Kerry R. Maiden, whose name and company, M.K.M. Marketing Inc., are referred to in this USDC decision, is a Jehovah's Witness Elder in the Houston, Texas area Garden Oaks Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses. Without comment, or judgment, here are excerpts of those references:
"17. Beginning in the summer of 1996, Steven C. Roberts (Roberts) was introduced to an investment program operated by Randall L. Garrett (Garrett) by Kerry Maiden (Maiden). The Garrett program was a Ponzi or "pyramid" scheme. Roberts collected investor funds and Roberts forwarded those funds to Maiden, who forwarded the funds to Garrett. Roberts was allowed to recruit his own brokers to sell the investment program. ...
"19. Roberts and Maiden agreed that Roberts would receive some percentage as commission. All commissions were paid at the same time that the investors received their returns.
"20. The Garrett program stopped paying returns in February, 1997. The Garrett program ceased operations in May, 1997, when the F.B. I. executed search warrants at Garrett's business and arrested Garrett. Garrett was later convicted of wire fraud, mail fraud and money laundering ... . ... ... ...
"71. Initially, Roberts was working with Kerry Maiden of MKM Marketing. Roberts had approximately ten investors and Roberts placed their funds with Maiden. ... ...
"80. Burgess said that Roberts used investor money to pay Roberts' expenses. Burgess never saw money coming into Roberts' account from MKM Marketing, but Roberts continued to pay investors in the MKM Marketing program until June, 1997. Roberts "rolled" these investors into the Cord program. ... ." [The "Cord program" was another scam that was shut down by the F.B.I. in August 1997. Cord was also convicted of mail fraud, fined, and sentenced to 60 months in prison.]
Readers should read the linked USDC decision to place these excerpts into context. At some point, at least Steven Roberts understood the score with both Garrett and Cord. None of the $6,700,000.00 collected from investors by Roberts was ever legitimately invested by Garrett, Cord, or Roberts.
CROWN v. JAMES WHEELER, CROWN v. GILLIAN WHEELER, CROWN v. LAWRENCE WHEELER, CROWN v. ANTHONY KEMP, and NEW ZEALAND v. ANTHONY KEMP are related 2013-16 England and New Zealand criminal court cases. Lawrence Wheeler, age 71, of Tursdale, England, father of James Wheeler, pled guilty to conspiracy to commit fraud, and was sentenced to 9 years in prison. Reportedly Jehovah's Witness Husband and Wife Couple, James and Gillian Wheeler, both age 46, of Ferryhill, England, were prosecuted on charges of conspiracy and concealing criminal property after they both pled "not guilty". Gillian Wheeler was found "not guilty" via a directed verdict, but James Wheeler was convicted by jury on both charges and sentenced to 8 years in prison.
From 2001 until 2014, the Wheeler family operated a "Ponzi scheme" which eventually drew in nearly 400 investors, who lost roughly $14,000,000.00. Reportedly, this Ponzi Scheme was started in 2001 by Lawrence Wheeler and Anthony Kemp, and by 2003, James Lawrence was using his suntan shop and picture framing shop in Spennymoor to launder the scheme's proceeds. Other Wheeler family members were also investigated, but ultimately not prosecuted. The Wheelers used "word-of-mouth" to draw in "investors" who they knew personally -- specifically targeting the "elderly". James Wheeler used his status as a "Jehovah's Witness who was unable to break the law" to deceive his victims, who also included accountants, lawyers, and businessmen. Investors were warned and even threatened not to speak to outsiders about the various international "get-rich-quick" schemes which the Wheelers were operating for their supposed financial benefit. Little or nothing was ever paid back to the investors as the Wheelers told investors that their fortunes were continuing to be amassed off-shore.
During James Wheeler's three-week long jury trial, James Wheeler took the witness stand and denied that he and his wife were guilty of the two charges. At his sentencing, the Judge labeled Wheeler's testimony as a "nauseating and slippery performance". James Wheeler is not the first Jehovah's Witness to put their door-to-door soliciting experience and Theocratic Ministry School training to criminal use.
Anthony Kemp is currently in prison in New Zealand, and will be extradited back to England to face FRAUD charges there when he is released. Tony Kemp was charged in 2011 with befriending two elderly females and defrauding them of their life savings -- nearly $400,000.00. Anthony Kemp pled "Guilty" in 2014 to 10 counts of theft in a special relationship and even one count of making and using a false document -- which he had submitted in his defense to the Judge during proceedings. In 2015, Tony Kemp, by then age 58, was sentenced to 40 months in prison.
"Peterson is a chilling, colorful example of how career confidence men operate. Though the man remains shrouded in mystery, New Times pieced together much of his story through use of public records in several states and by numerous interviews.
"Able to cite Biblical and stock quotations at will, the physically imposing Peterson -- six foot seven, 265 pounds -- oozes charm and credibility. His promises of easy money are seductive, his invented track record impressive. He has a loyal, Scripture-quoting wife whose mere presence after three decades with him helped to convince potential investors of his stability and trustworthiness. ... ...
"The couple presented quite a contrast: Steve is a talkative bear of a man who can dominate a room; Mary is a tiny, somewhat passive woman with a passion for Scripture. The Petersons have no children."
AUSTRALIAN SECURITIES AND INVESTMENTS COMMISSION v. GRAEME JEFFREY BOORER was a 2007-2010 Australia administrative action against Graeme Jeffrey Boorer, currently age 64, who is reported to be a high profile Jehovah's Witness Elder and Presiding Overseer, who then lived in Kirrabilli, New South Wales, Australia. Graeme J. Boorer was the major shareholder and Executive Chairman of Techontap International Limited, which was a public company founded in 2004 to offer telecommunications services to small businesses through a system of franchisees. After Techontap International Limited filed for bankruptcy in December 2005, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) launched an investigation of Graeme J. Boorer due to the fact that this was Boorer's third corporate "insolvency" since 2004 in which unsecured creditors were expected by the appointed liquidators to receive ZERO cents on the dollar. (Boorer's eldest son, Ruben Simon Boorer, was also a corporate Director of Techontap International Limited, but ASIC took no action against Ruben S. Boorer.)
After a Hearing conducted in May 2008, ASIC found that Graeme Boorer had failed to make sure that his two other failed companies -- Customer Strategies Pty Limited and Entrepo Pty Limited -- had maintained proper books and records, and that Boorer had allowed Techontap International Limited to trade while it was "insolvent". ASIC also found that Graeme Boorer had made a "false statement" when he authorized the filing of documents with ASIC regarding the appointment of two directors to Techontap International Limited -- Leonard Keith King and Brett Andrew King -- neither of whom had consented to be a corporate Director for Techontap International Limited. ASIC decided to disqualify Graeme Jeffrey Boorer from managing corporations in Australia for two years.
IN RE GRAEME JEFFREY BOORER and ASIC. On appeal, in May 2010, the Administrative Appeals Tribunal overruled ASIC's decision that Graeme Boorer had made a "false statement" when Boorer authorized the filing of documents with ASIC regarding the appointment of Leonard Keith King and Brett Andrew King as corporate Directors for Techontap International Limited. The Administrative Appeals Tribunal reduced Boorer's disqualification from managing corporations in Australia from two years to one year.
GRAEME JEFFREY BOORER v. HLB MANN JUDD was a 2012-2014 civil lawsuit in which Graeme J. Boorer sued his accountant in a failed attempt to place the blame for his disqualification from managing corporations and the resulting damages onto that accountant. Although this was a separate civil action which had no bearing on Boorer's previous partial success before the Administrative Appeals Tribunal, the Supreme Court of New South Wales was not so "believing" as was the Administrative Appeals Tribunal that the false "Directors" filing simply had been an "honest mistake". In fact, the Supreme Court of New South Wales - Trial Court published the following condemnatory remarks concerning the "credibility" of Graeme Boorer and the "evidence" which Boorer had presented:
In April 2014, the Supreme Court of New South Wales - Court of Appeal dismissed Graeme Boorer's appeal of the 2012 Trial Court decision which had dismissed Boorer's lawsuit against the accountant.
Notably, the various court decisons indicated that Graeme J. Boorer operates multiple other businesses in Australia, including but not limited to, the BOORER SUPERANNUATION FUND, LIQUIDITY FINANCIAL SERVICES PTY LIMITED, and the CORPORATE INVESTMENTS UNIT TRUST.
Interestingly, in 2009, while Graeme Boorer remained "disqualified" to be appointed to a corporate directorship in Australia, Graeme Boorer was named as a corporate "Director" in the United States, for a Nevada corporation headquartered in California, named ENTERCONNECT, INC. Graeme Boorer was listed as a "consultant" with a company performing CRM consulting for ENTERCONNECT, INC, namely Customer Strategies International Pty Limited, of New South Wales, Australia.
A Tipster reports to us what he believes to have been either a scam or just an extremely poor investment which was being promoted within the Jehovah's Witness Community back during the 1990s. Tipster relates that around 1995 several under-educated, middle-class JWs in his North Carolina Circuit were investing their money in what was then an already ongoing "investment" -- mainly because the investment's "increments" were very low -- either $3000.00 or $5000.00, as best as Tipster can now recall.
Tipster is "fuzzy" about most of the details because after receiving and reviewing the investment materials from the JW Investment Broker -- whom lived somewhere in the lower southeast "Gold Coast" Florida area -- and speaking with him by telephone, Tipster decided not to get involved. Admittedly not an investment expert, Tipster relates that he believed that the investment had little upside, but rather that the investment was structured such that the Investors were taking all the risk of failure, and would share very little of any unlikely success. The owner/operators of the television production company appeared to be using Investor's money to do what they would not do with their own money to make the company a financial success.
Tipster relates that after 1995 that he continued to occasionally hear this investment discussed amongst local JWs until such discussion stopped around 2000. Tipster relates that thereafter, when only asked specifically, many of the JW Investors admitted that they had lost every penny they had invested in this scheme. If any reader is familiar with this scheme, and can add details, please let us know.
As best as Tipster can now recall in 2015, the "investment" was supposed to eventually become a Christian children's television network. However, at the the time, the upstart television production company was simply producing individual television programs which the company was then attempting to have broadcast on any cable television network which would broadcast them. Video tapes of episodes of the individual television programs were available to investors. Otherwise, supposed airing of these television programs were only occasionally viewable on satellite television. Tipster now suspects that the programs were only being broadcasted by satellite television stations which would air anything that didn't cost them anything, and that better stations were actually being paid with Investor's money to air the company's programs.
Tipster relates that he spoke once via telephone with the "too-slick" JW Salesman/Broker, who related that he also was an "Attorney". That Attorney/Investment Broker apparently truthfully related that the owners and operators of the television production company were not Jehovah's Witnesses. However, the JW Salesman insinuated that once there were sufficient JW Investors, he hoped to bring pressure to bear on the company to produce individual programs which were JW friendly, and which he hoped would eventually employ JW people. Meanwhile, JW Salesperson related that rarely if ever had there been any content in the Bible-based children's programs which Jehovah's Witnesses would find objectionable.
Finally, Tipster admits that he does not remember the name of that Florida JW Salesman with whom he spoke via telephone back around 1995. However, Tipster does find it extremely interestingly that this long-forgotten investment scheme instantly came to mind when he recently discovered on the internet that a certain ex-Bethelite JW Attorney had relocated to that same lower "Gold Coast" part of Florida after leaving WatchTower HQ in the mid-1990s.
UNITED STATES v. JAMES ALLEN RADER was the 1979-80 Missouri federal "pyramid scheme" prosecution of James A. Rader, then age 40, of Lamar, Missouri on multiple charges relating to multi-state SECURITIES FRAUD. Jim Allen Rader, a salesperson for Big Red Commodities Corp, was indicted along with four others -- Charles R. Scofield, age 44, of Leawood, Kansas, Larry D. Pinckney, age 33, of Piano, Texas, Gordon D. MacDonald, age 36, of Prairie Village, Kansas, and George R. Richardson, age 50, of Cape Fair, Missouri (status as fellow Jehovah's Witnesses unknown) -- on 47 counts of mail fraud, wire fraud, and interstate shipment of goods obtained by defrauding investors. Jim A. Rader eventually pleaded GUILTY to a single misdemeanor charge of securities fraud and was fined $5000.00.
The defendants were accused of using false and misleading statements to induce investors living in multiple states to join in commodity trading pools. Investors were incorrectly told that the defendants had been highly successful in commodity trading and the trading pools were risk-free because they were computer-controlled. Investors were also promised that monthly reports would be provided on their position in the market and that they could withdraw their funds with only 30 days' notice.
COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION v. JAMES ALLEN RADER was a 1982-85 federal administrative action in which Jim A. Rader was charged with two counts of Fraudulent Transactions -- with a Cease and Desist Order being issued.
Jim Rader quickly relocated to Branson, Missouri, and with the absence of a felony conviction was able to be licensed as a Real Estate Agent. James Rader died in 2015, and as an "exemplary" Jehovah's Witness received a Kingdom Hall funeral at the North Oaks Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses.
COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION v. GERALD D. MIMS and FLORIDA v. GERALD D. MIMS were related 1992-1996 federal and 1993-4 state court cases, which involved a Jehovah's Witness Ministerial Servant employed as a Commodities Futures Trader, named Gerald D. Mims, age 37 in 1994, of Largo, Florida. Interestingly, Gerald Mims was a son-in-law of Charles Wolfersberger, who was the most prominent Jehovah's Witness in the Tampa/St. Pete area, and whom served as the WatchTower Society spokesperson for the Tampa/St. Pete area before, during, and after the events relating to his son-in-laws' criminal/civil prosecution and incarceration for defrauding multiple fellow Jehovah's Witnesses.
In June 1994, Gerald Mims, pled guilty in state court to defrauding seven Tampa/St. Pete area Jehovah's Witness investors in 1991 and 1992. Mims was ordered to pay $266,000.00 in restitution, and was sentenced to 54 months in prison, followed by 25 years probation. The state prosecutor told the court that Mims has been under a federal court order to pay back 20 victims, for more than a year, but that only two victims had received any money -- $200.00 that very week. When sentencing Mims, the judge stated, "You are exactly the type of thief and liar and crook who belongs in prison." The ST. PETERSBURG TIMES wrote, in part:
"Three years ago, though, Mims seemed like the anything but a thief, say his victims. His luxurious house convinced them he knew how to make money, and his ability to quote the Bible convinced them of his honesty.
"'He's a Jehovah's Witness and he told us he was trying to become an elder,' said Janice Perry, one of the victims. 'He really used his religion as a front.' ...
"'Actually, less than half their money was ever invested in anything. Most went to support Mims' lavish lifestyle,' Kurash wrote in an affidavit.
"'Meanwhile he either handed his 'clients' fraudulent statements about their profits or else gave them no statements at all,' Kurash wrote. ...
"'When they began to figure out what had happened, Mims employed his religious knowledge to fend off discovery,' [John] Moore said.
"'He used the Bible Scriptures on me to keep me from going to the elders in his congregation,' [John] Moore told the judge. And when the elders did question him about it, [John] Moore said, 'he cried and everything.'
Unbelievably, the ST. PETERSBURG TIMES also reported that after the sentencing that victim John Moore went to make nice with his fellow Jehovah's Witnesses, Gerald Mim's wife, Virginia G. Mims, and her JW Father, Charles Wolfersberger , who had served as the Tampa, Florida area spokesperson for the WatchTower Society from the early 1980 to as late as 2007:
"[Charles] Wolfersberger told [John] Moore he would answer for what he had done to [Gerald] Mims, and Mrs. [Virginia] Mims waved a hand and told him, 'Get out of here!'"
Interestingly, Virginia G. Mims father, Charles R. Wolfersberger, attended to much of Gerald Mims' legal affairs while he was incarcerated -- as evidenced by signed documents relating to the federal civil prosecution. More interestingly, Charlie Wolfersberger was himself a career "salesman", who worked as a marketer for both other business owners as well as businesses he owned and operated himself.
Interesting to our readers is a November 1990 ST. PETERSBURG TIMES article about an investigation then being conducted by Clearwater Police of an unlicensed construction contractor, who had been recommended and authorized by certain officials at the City of Clearwater, Florida, who then was being accused of substandard and uncompleted workmanship by multiple Clearwater homeowners who had received Community Development Block Grant program rehabilitation loans from the City. The problem contractor specifically named in this newspaper article was Owen Hurd, who was listed as "President" of MERGER CONSTRUCTION on city contracts. Responsible city officials over the CDBG program had to do some fast talking when it was learned that neither Owen Hurd nor Merger Construction were licensed with the City of Clearwater. Upon investigation by Clearwater Police, it was learned that Owen Hurd was actually an employee of Charles Wolfersberger and a business that Charlie Wolfersberger owned, called CHARGER ENTERPRISES, and that Hurd was actually doing business on behalf of Charlie Wolfersberger and Charger Enterprises. One Clearwater city official even quickly resigned after it was learned that Owen Hurd and Merger Construction had been illegally pre-paid for work for one homeowner who found his uncompleted work so substandard that the homeowner had "fired" Hurd before the job even had been completed.
COMMONWEALTH v. DAVID A. McMILLAN was a 1992-3 Massachusetts criminal court case which involved a Jehovah's Witness named David A. McMillan, then 48, of Lunenburg, Massachusetts. David McMillan was originally indicted on 36 counts of larceny, fraud, and securities law violations. McMillan used the typical fraudulent investment scheme of promising unrealistic investment returns to bilk five people out of $230,000.00 over a three year period. One or more of the victims were McMillan's fellow Jehovah's Witnesses, whom McMillan claimed had "loaned" him the money, rather than gave such to him to invest. McMillan was convicted of six counts of larceny by false pretenses, one count of larceny by a common scheme, and seven counts each of fraudulent sale of a security and selling securities without being registered as a broker or agent. David A. McMillan, who for some unknown reason had given up career as a schoolteacher before this "career",was sentenced to 5-7 years in state prison, plus five years probation. At the sentencing, the judge called McMillan "a common and notorious thief". McMillan reportedly collapsed and began hyper-ventilating after his sentence was read.
S.E.C. v. HERBERT M. KIRSCHNER was a 1986 Connecticut federal court case which involved a Jehovah's Witness named Herbert M. Kirschner. In 1982, Herbert Kirschner formed HMK Management Corporation. As HMK's sole stockholder, Director, and President, Kirschner managed, directed, and controlled its stock trading and other investment activities. Neither Kirschner nor HMK was licensed or registered as a stockbroker or investment advisor. In violation of state and federal law, Herbert Kirschner issued unregistered securities to Jehovah's Witnesses and other clients in exchange for cash. Kirschner then used the proceeds to "play the stock market" in hopes that he would make a profit over and above the interest payable on the worthless securities he had issued. Kirschner not only failed to make sufficient profits to pay the interest, but HMK went bankrupt, which resulted in the loss of the investors' principal. The exact ruling in this specific case is not known. It is also not known how many other civil and/or criminal cases may have been filed against Kirschner. The federal bankruptcy court case was litigated into the 1990s.
FIREPOWER: THE MOST SPECTACULAR FRAUD IN AUSTRALIAN HISTORY is a book authored by a reporter for the SYDNEY MORNING HERALD named Gerard Ryle, which reveals the story of a Jehovah's Witness Minister named Tim Johnston, who essentially got away with what has been labeled as "The Biggest FRAUD in Australian Corporate History". Tim Johnston and his sham business called Firepower, which collapsed after investors lost nearly $100,000,000.00, marketed a fuel additive that was promoted as being able to increase fuel mileage while decreasing pollution. Many Australian Jehovah's Witnesses sold Firepower's products, and several Australian Jehovah's Witnesses were investors and employees. Johnston and Firepower did business internationally, including the United States, and it is only reasonable to believe that some Jehovah's Witnesses around the globe were involved in this scam.
In more than 60 newspaper articles, Ryle reveals that Tim Johnston moved to New Zealand in 1992 and started a company called Power Plan International, which marketed a fuel additive pill through a multi-level marketing network of about 3000 small distributors across Australia, New Zealand, South East Asia and China. That first fuel additive pill was purchased from CYI Techni Lube Company in California. One of Tim Johnston’s business partners in that first venture was Ross Johnston (no relation), who just happened to also be a Jehovah's Witness. Ross Johnston was later presented to as one of the inventors of Firepower’s products.
Power Plan International was closed in 1994, but between 1996 and 1999, Tim Johnston started several other companies to market a variety of automotive products, again including fuel additives. One of those entities was TL Chemplex, which sold automotive products made by a California company called Chemplex Automotive Group Inc. In 1999, Johnston formed TLC Manufacturing and Development Australia. TLC USA, TLC International, and U.S. Lubricants International were also companies claimed by Johnston. TPS Firepower was formed in 2000, while Firepower Holdings Limited was formed in 2004. There were a plethora of associated entities formed in other countries, with the names sometimes including the word "Firepower". Around 2008-09, after fleeing to London, England, Johnston founded a similar company there called Green Power Corporation.
Ryle's book suggests that Tim Johnston began his career of FRAUD after being mentored by a New Zealand Jehovah Witness named Graeme Clegg, who operated one of NZ's and Australia's largest and most successful MLM schemes called New Image International.
In August 2010, South African media reported the arrest of a German national named Michael Schreiber, age 65, who is allegedly an international con-artist. South African Police reportedly arrested Schreiber outside of a Capetown, SA Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses where Schreiber and his family attended services. Michael Schreiber is alleged to be an internet savvy conman who used multiple aliases and multiple business names in the operation of multiple international cons. Schreiber reportedly is wanted by the German government on tax evasion charges, and by the governments of Liberia and Dubai on forgery and fraudulent diamond and gold dealing charges. Michael Schreiber reportedly also conducted business in Malaysia, U.A.E., and other countries through companies named Dubai Diamond Club, Knife Sharpening Company, Isorast Development and Properties, Isorast Construction, and Isorast SA.
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